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自學考試英語專業復習大綱(九)

來源:nvyuanqiu.com 作者:江西自考網 瀏覽量: 2018-02-02

自學考試英語專業復習大綱匯總>>>自學考試英語專業復習大綱(九)
以下是江西自考網為大家整理的自考英語專業《自學考試英語專業復習大綱(九)》,供您查閱:

詞形變化( Word Form )應試技巧

1.熟練掌握動詞詞形變化規律。注意:動詞形式既包括謂語動詞的各種形式,如時態、語態及語氣(直陳、虛擬)等,虛擬語氣為重點,幾年來的考題中都有這方面內容;也包括非謂語動詞的各種形式。所以做動詞的詞形變化時,首先要搞清楚它在句中是謂語動詞還是非謂語動詞,然后再作相應的變化。

2.認真學好并熟悉課文。本題所選用的句子是根據教材中出現的句子編寫的,其中多數來自課文,所以熟悉教材十分重要。

3.認真鉆研相關的語法講解。主要指謂語動詞、非謂語動詞、形容詞、副詞比較等級、情態動詞、虛擬語氣\形容詞比較級、最高級,等部分。

動詞:動詞是考試的重點。主要包括:動詞的時態、語態、語氣和非謂語動詞。

1)動詞的時態:重點是動詞的過去時、完成時。

So far, Irving ______(live) in New York City for ten years. has lived

Many a writer of newspaper articles_______(trun) to writing novels during the past decade. has turned

Some people think relations between people _______(deteriorate) so much that understanding and friendship are almost impossible . have deteriorated

Nearly a week passed before the girl was able to explain what _______(happen) to her.

had happened

In the past two decades, research _____(expand) our knowledge about sleep and dreams . has expanded

2)動詞的語態:主要掌握各個時態的被動式。

The nations that _______actively ________(involve) in earthquake prediction programs include Japan, Russia, and the United States. are involved

There __________(estimate) to be more than 20,000 overseas domestic servants working in Brtain in 1995. were estimated

3)動詞的語氣:

A.掌握非真實條件句中,謂語動詞在主句和條件句中的虛擬語氣形式。

If you had come earlier, you ______ (not miss) the first act of the play.

would not have missed

If it hadn‘t been for your help, we _____(be) in real trouble.

would have been

B.在表示建議、命令、要求以及表示“重要性”和“緊迫性”等含義的主語從句、賓語從句、表語從句和同位語從句中,謂語動詞常用虛擬語氣,由“動詞原形”或“should + 動詞原形”構成。 should 常常省略

I would recommend that you _______(think) about doing something similar for yourself. (should) think

It was imperative that students ______(finish) their papers before July 1st.

(should) finish

C.動詞wish 、would rather (sooner)、if only、as if 后的虛擬語氣。

I would rather he _____(buy) the house next year.

bought ( 表示從句中動作尚未發生)

She treats me as if I ______ (be) a stranger. were

The manager told us to be friendly to the visitors as if we _____( meet) them before.

had met

If only we ______(have) a phone! I‘m tired of waiting outside the public phone box.

D.in case , for fear that , lest 等詞后從句的謂語動詞為(should) + 原形。

He took his umbrella with him lest it _______ (rain.)

(should) rain

E.在It is (high) time that 從句中謂語動詞一般用過去時動詞。

It‘s high time that we _______(take) firm measures to protect our environment. took

F.時間錯綜條件句,動詞的形式要根據表示的時間調整。

如果我們早動身,現在就不會在雨中走了。

If we had set out earlier,we wouldn‘t be walking in the rain.

(從句中動作發生在過去,主句中動作發生在現在。)

4)動詞的非謂語動詞形式:

A.動詞不定式:主要考查動詞不定式作定語、賓語、賓語或主語補足語等的用法。還要注意動詞不定式的被動式與完成式。

不定式作定語:If there is no choice, there is no decision ______(make) to be made

不定式作賓語: Robots , already taking over human tasks in the automotive field, are beginning ________(see) . to be seen

不定式作賓補 I notice him _______( leave ) the classroom. leave (可省略to)

不定式作主補:They were often compelled ______(work) twelve or fourteen hours a day.

to work( 不可省略to)

We make them (to) work day and night. 不定式作賓語補語,在有些動詞后可以省略TO

They are made to work day and night. 不定式作主語補語時,不可省略TO

B.分詞:主要考查分詞作定語、狀語、賓語補足語的用法。注意現在分詞與過去分詞的區別。 另外,還有現在分詞的被動式與完成式的形式。

分詞作定語:Anyone ______(want) to understand the industry of the future will have to know about robotics. wanting

As research techniques become more advanced, the number of animals _____(use) in experiments may decrease. used

分詞作狀語: When ______(present) with a common case, sales managers tend to see sales problems and production managers see production problems. presented

________ (tell) that some guests were coming , she shopped all morning in the supermarket. Having been told

Her body, with hands and feet _______(bind) , was discovered by a traveler early in the morning. bound

分詞做賓補: They may have their passports ______(remove) , making leaving or “escaping” actually impossible. removed

動名詞作賓語:If you cannot understand , ask: “ Would you mind ______(rephrase) the question , please ?” rephrasing

If we don‘t start out now, we must risk ______(miss) the train.

missing

形容詞副詞:

The more time you waste, the _____(easy) it is to continue wasting time.easier

As Jane was the _____(old) , she looked after the other children in the family. eldest

詞性轉換:

The explorers were puzzled over what to do next because they were in a _____(trick)situation .

trick是名詞或動詞,應把它變為形容詞tricky

These electric appliances are all similar in construction but each one is _____(specialize) in its function.

specialize 是動詞,應把它變為形容詞 specific或 special

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